REPUBLICANISM’S PARADIGM IN CONSTITUTIONALISM
Humanities and Social Sciences Review,
CD-ROM. ISSN: 2165-6258 :: 03(05):387–409 (2014)
Copyright © 2014 by UniversityPublications.net
Modern constitutionalism or limited government, the rule of law and the practical implementation of the principle of democracy, is called quite impossible without such a powerful paradigm as republicanism and republican form of government. It is obvious and clear that in the modern world the concept of republicanism and its paradigmatic conception have substantial impact on the practical functioning of constitutional democracy. According to scientific terms, this fundamental concept is basic measure and matrix in state systems which is based on the rule of law and self-restraint of governance principles. If we consider this background, it is appropriate to carry out a detailed analysis of the above mentioned concept and phenomenon. Its evolutionary development and final design of the important aspects and trends of the notion are considered and perceived to be the first origins of republicanism. The above scientific work will enable us to see clearly a phenomenon of the modern framework and define the future directions of its development. This paper is an attempt to view and perceive an issue raised from a theoretical-doctrinal standpoint. If we agree that republicanism occupies a distinguished place in the Euro-Atlantic and is a part of general human values, then its substantive meaning becomes clear. Above mentioned notion is based on the fundamental and essential character of ideals, such as political freedom, self-government, citizenship, equality and dignity. The values presented here are primarily determined by the political-legal and philosophical thinking, from antiquity to the modern era. According to above mentioned terms and direction, the present paper attempts to analyze the paradigm sense, from the ancient Greek and Roman republics, in passing by medieval revival of concept, up to construction of first modern republican states. The research aims to the possible extent to examine in detail one of the basic paradigm of modern constitutionalism, show contemporary and classic visions, concepts regarding those letters. Also considered the design of future development and the formation of possible variation of paradigm. Through this passing way, previous article contemplate meaning of republican freedom “Libertas” and perceives the value of concept as “Non Domination”.
Keywords: Republicanism, Republican Form of Government, Res Publica, Neo-republicanism, Republican Constitutionalism. REPUBLICANISM’S PARADIGM IN CONSTITUTIONALISM